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The Sea: The Science of Ocean Prediction

Pinardi, N., P.F.J. Lermusiaux, K.H. Brink, and R.H. Preller, 2017. The Sea: The Science of Ocean Prediction. Preface to The Sea. Volume 17, The Science of Ocean Prediction, Part 1. Special Issue, J. Marine Res. 75(3). pp. 101-102

At the beginning of the 20th century Vilhelm Bjerknes defined the “ultimate problem of meteorology and hydrography” as the discovery of “the laws according to which an atmospheric or hydrospheric state develops out of the preceding one” and the “precalculation of future states” from gridded analyzed observations—that is, forecasting. The development of the electronic computer and the vision of several meteorologists allowed the transformation of meteorology into a sophisticated scientific discipline based on physics and mathematics. The first successful meteorological forecast was carried out in the 1950s. Meteorological forecasting became an operational activity at the end of the 1960s. The contributions to society of such operations have been tremendous.