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Data Assimilation in Models

Robinson, A.R. and P.F.J. Lermusiaux, 2001. Data Assimilation in Models. Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Academic Press Ltd., London, 623-634.

Data assimilation is a novel, versatile methodology for estimating oceanic variables. The estimation of a quantity of interest via data assimilation involves the combination of observational data with the underlying dynamical principles governing the system under observation. The melding of data and dynamics is a powerful methodology which makes possible efRcient, accurate, and realistic estimations otherwise not feasible. It is providing rapid advances in important aspects of both basic ocean science and applied marine technology and operations. The following sections introduce concepts, describe purposes, present applications to regional dynamics and forecasting, overview formalism and methods, and provide a selected range of examples.