Lermusiaux, P.F.J., A.R. Robinson, P.J. Haley and W.G. Leslie, 2002. Advanced interdisciplinary data assimilation: Filtering and smoothing via error subspace statistical estimation. Proceedings of "The OCEANS 2002 MTS/IEEE" conference, Holland Publications, 795-802.
The efficient interdisciplinary 4D data assimilation with nonlinear models via Error Subspace Statistical Estimation (ESSE) is reviewed and exemplified. ESSE is based on evolving an error subspace, of variable size, that spans and tracks the scales and processes where the dominant errors occur. A specific focus here is the use of ESSE in interdisciplinary smoothing which allows the correction of past estimates based on future data, dynamics and model errors. ESSE is useful for a wide range of purposes which are illustrated by three investigations: (i) smoothing estimation of physical ocean fields in the Eastern Mediterranean, (ii) coupled physical-acoustical data assimilation in the Middle Atlantic Bight shelfbreak, and (iii) coupled physical-biological smoothing and dynamics in Massachusetts Bay.