Heaney, K. D., P. F. J. Lermusiaux, T. F. Duda and P. J. Haley Jr., 2016.Validation of Genetic Algorithm Based Optimal Sampling for Ocean Data Assimilation. Ocean Dynamics. 66: 1209-1229. doi:10.1007/s10236-016-0976-5.
Regional ocean models are capable of forecasting conditions for usefully long intervals of time
(days) provided that initial and ongoing conditions can be measured. In resource-limited circumstances, the
placement of sensors in optimal locations is essential. Here, a nonlinear optimization approach to determine
optimal adaptive sampling that uses the Genetic Algorithm (GA) method is presented. The method determines
sampling strategies that minimize a user-defined physics-based cost function. The method is evaluated using
identical twin experiments, comparing hindcasts from an ensemble of simulations that assimilate data selected
using the GA adaptive sampling and other methods. For skill metrics, we employ the reduction of the
ensemble root-mean-square-error (RMSE) between the “true” data-assimilative ocean simulation and the
different ensembles of data-assimilative hindcasts. A 5-glider optimal sampling study is set up for a 400 km x
400 km domain in the Middle Atlantic Bight region, along the New Jersey shelf-break. Results are compared
for several ocean and atmospheric forcing conditions.