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Coastal Ocean Sensing and Forecasting for Fisheries Management:

Practical Systems for India

P.F.J. Lermusiaux, P.J. Haley, Jr.,
D. Subramani

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Ocean Science and Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Cambridge, Massachusetts

Project Summary
Ongoing MIT-MSEAS Research
TATA-supported Publications
Additional Project Links
Background Information
References

 

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This research is sponsored by the MIT Tata Center.

Project Summary

This project aims to develop and provide ocean physical and biogeochemical forecasting products and technologies for coastal fisheries management in India. Our modeling systems provide ocean field and uncertainty estimates, optimal sensing guidance, coastal ecosystem-based scenario analyses, and technical decision aides. We plan to build practical systems and products that are tailored to the Indian context and usable for local commercial and societal applications involving fisheries but also coastal zone management, monitoring, ocean engineering, financial hedging, and re-insurance. In addition to educating students, we also collaborate with colleagues from UMass (Prof. Avijit Gangopadhyay) and WHOI (Dr. Glen Gawarkiewicz), as well as with IITs, local agencies and fishermen organizations.

Background information is available below.

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Ongoing MIT-MSEAS Research

Long-Term Goals:

  1. Further develop our new uncertainity quantification and data assimilation schemes for regional ocean modeling and forecasting.
  2. Apply our theory and schemes for providing ocean physical and biogeochemical forecasting products for coastal fisheries management in India.

Objectives:

The primary goal of our effort is to develop and provide ocean physical and bio-geo-chemical forecasting products and technologies for coastal fisheries management in India. Our specific objectives are to:

  1. set-up our modeling systems for the north Bengal and the Arabian Sea regions providing field and uncertainty estimates, optimal sensing network guidance, coastal ecosystem-based scenario analyses, and technical decision aides;
  2. build practical systems and products that are tailored to the Indian context and usable for local commercial and societal applications involving fisheries but also coastal zone management, monitoring, ocean engineering, financial hedging, and re-insurance; and
  3. educate students and collaborate with IITs, local agencies and fishermen organizations.

Presentations and Meetings

TATA-supported Publications

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Additional Project Links

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Background Information

In India, the coastal ocean provides multiple means of sustainable development. It affects many economic sectors including coastal management, fisheries, energy, tourism, conservation, shipping, security and marine operations. It is also essential to welfare, linking to climate regulation, carbon sequestration, habitat and biodiversity. The inland water resources and the coastal Indian oceans provide employment to more than 14 million people in the fisheries sectors alone. To successfully coexist with the ocean and optimally utilize and manage marine resources, India needs to monitor and predict impacts of ocean activities, and to operate efficient coastal sensing technologies. Better understanding and forecasting of environmental resources and human impacts requires novel synergies between sensing and modeling. Such innovations will lead to better ocean management. All of this is especially crucial for India. However, solutions must be suited to the Indian context. Systems should be practical, integrated with local organizations and populations, and geared towards the specifics of the Indian coastal zones, ecosystem, and livelihoods.

Increased demand for fish, coupled with unsustainable fishing practices lead to over-exploitation and fast depletion of fish stocks. Coastal fisheries and aquaculture stocks often thrive on very specific water conditions. Building capabilities for coastal ecosystem forecasting and for optimal ocean data collection will help in ensuring and managing the survival and reproduction of healthy stock. This is another motivation for our work.

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References

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